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Dunham, K. M., Ghiurghi, A., Cumbi, R., & Urbano, F. (2010). According to some estimates,[which?] [4] In comparison, forest-type buffaloes, at 250 to 450 kg (600 to 1,000 lb), are only half that size. Males have a linear dominance hierarchy based on age and size. Water buffalo weighs more at 700 kg to 1200kg. "[1], In the most recent and available census data at continental scale, the total estimated numbers of the three savanna-type African buffalo subspecies (S. c. caffer, S. c. brachyceros and S. c. aequinoctialis) are at 513,000 individuals. A buffalo herd responds to the distress call of a captured member and tries to rescue it. Both sexes have horns, those of the bulls are characterised by a heavy boss and upward curved horns. After an hour of more shuffling, the females travel in the direction they decide. Since a buffalo is safer when a herd is larger, dominant bulls may rely on subordinate bulls and sometimes tolerate their copulation.[24]. African buffalo is large animal that can reach 6.8 to 11 feet in length, 3.2 to 5.6 feet in height and weight between 660 and 1900 pounds. However, in 2019 the African buffalo was listed as a near threatened species, with only 400,000 individuals left. Buffaloes do not stay on trampled or depleted areas for long. A version of the same call, but more intense, is emitted as a warning to an encroaching inferior. It will recognize a person (such as hunters) that hurt it in the past and it will attack it at their next encounter. Males have longer and thicker horns. African buffalo has poor eyesight and sense of hearing, but their sense of smell is excellent. [2] Syncerus caffer caffer, the Cape buffalo, is the typical subspecies, and the largest one, found in Southern and East Africa. African buffalo: Water buffalo: Distribution on African Continent - no water buffalo on the African continent. [26] Some older bulls cease to rejoin the herd, as they can no longer compete with the younger, more aggressive males. Fully grown Cape buffalo males may grow to 340 cm in length and reach 700-900 kilograms in weight, while forest buffalo tend to measure less than 120 cm in height and weigh under 320 kg (Nowak, 1991; Kingdon, 1997). The African buffalo or Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a large sub-Saharan African bovine. The female buffalo's horns are slightly more 'dainty' but nevertheless just as dangerous. Cape buffalo (S. c. caffer) in the Kalahari Desert, South Africa, Forest buffalo (S. c. nanus) at the San Diego Zoo in San Diego, California, Sudan buffaloes (S. c. brachyceros) at Pendjari National Park, Benin, Cape buffaloes (S. c. caffer) in the Masai Mara, Kenya. » The African Buffalo – Powerful Beast. Lion cubs can get trampled and killed. it gores and kills over 200 people every year. Cows produce croaking calls when looking for their calves. Reaching a height at its shoulders of 1.5meters, the buffalo weighs on average a hefty 750kg's. One of the "big five" African game, it is known as "the Black Death" or "the widowmaker", and is widely regarded as a very dangerous animal. They stay with them throughout the season to protect the calves. [citation needed] African buffaloes are sometimes reported to kill more During the dry season, males split from the herd and form bachelor groups. upon mostly by lions and occasionally leopards. Body of African buffalo is covered with hair that can be brownish to black in color. [25] During the wet season, the younger bulls rejoin a herd to mate with the females. There is only one species of buffalo in Africa, but four distinct subspecies exist: forest buffalo, West African savanna buffalo, Central African buffalo, and southern savanna buffalo. Many calls are lower-pitched versions of those emitted by domestic cattle. Old bulls often have whitish circles around their eyes and on their face. [23], Herd size is highly variable. Reaching a height at its shoulders of 1.5meters, the buffalo weighs on average a hefty 750kg's. Being a member of the big five game group, a term originally used to describe the five most dangerous animals to hunt, the Cape buffalo is a sought-after trophy, with some hunters paying over $10,000 for the opportunity to hunt one. Calf is completely dependent on its mother during the period of suckling, which lasts one year. Herds usually consist of females, their offspring and one or more males. Besides that, they are protected against the predators. Since African buffalo depends on water, it requires habitats that receive at least 10 inches of rain per year. When feeding, the buffalo makes use of its tongue and wide incisor row to eat grass more quickly than most other African herbivores. dry months. Its potential African buffaloes are notable for their apparent altruism. [16] When moving to drinking places, some individuals make long "maaa" calls up to 20 times a minute. South Africa Wildlife – See the Big Five. Located in the Overberg, just 3 hours drive from Cape Town, De Hoop Nature Reserve encompasses 34,000 hectares.

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